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Showing 2 results for SOLATI HASHJIN M.

Salahit E., SOLATI HASHJIN M., Nemati R., Marghusian V.,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (Jan 2004)
Abstract

Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs), using B-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP, Ca3 (P04)2), dicalcium phosphate (DCP, CaHP04), calcium carbonate (Ca CO3), and hydroxylapatite (HAp, Ca10(P04)6(OH)2) as powder cement and disodium hydrogen phosphate (Na2HP04) solution as liquid component were prepared. After mixing the powder and liquid constituents, injectable and self-setting calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) were prepared with different liquid to powder ratios (UP) that formed hydroxylapatite and ß-tricalcium phosphate as the only end products, which were characterized by FTIR, XRD and SEM techniques. The results showed that, at certain concentration of Na2HP04 (6 wt%), the initial and final setting times decreased by decreasing the UP ratio.
Salahi E., Ebadzadeh T., Moztar Zadeh F., SOLATI HASHJIN M.,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (Jul 2005)
Abstract

Compositions of Al2O3+Si, SiO2+Al and Al+Si systems were prepared to study the effect of reaction bonding process on the mullite formation. The composition of each system was adopted according to mullite stoichiometery and sintered in 700-1600°C range. Results showed that the formation of reaction bonded mullite starting from Al2O3+Si mixtures, proceeded in two partially overlapping steps, the oxidation of Si to SiO2, and the reaction of SiO2 and Al2O3 to form mullite. In this system, up to 1400°C, conversion of Si to SiO2 was taken place and cristobalite formed, but mullite formation was not observed. Mullite phase started to form at 1450°C. Results indicated that complete reaction was not occurred up to 1600°C and 2 hours soaking time. XRD patterns of samples in Al+ SiO2 system showed that the reaction through sequences: (a) reduction of SiO2 by Al, (b) formation of a- Al2O3 and SiO2-rderived Si oxidation, and (c) mullite formation. X-ray diffraction patterns of heat-treated Al+Si system showed that reaction between Al and oxygen at 900°C was occurred with the reaction product being a- Al2O3 Oxidation of Si and formation of mullite were not detected in this system. SEM micrographs showed that both Al2O3+Si and SiO2+Al systems have similar microstructures, which consisted of a- Al2O3, mullite and free Si. The microstructures of the samples in Al+Si system consisted of a- Al2O3 free Al and Si with intermetallic Al-Si compound.

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